A gemstone carved with a regular pattern of many planes, or "facets". Facets are the small flat
surfaces of a polished diamond or gemstone to give them ability to sparkle or reflect light.
Fancy Cut (Shape)
A term used for gems that are cut in a shape other than the standard round-cut.
Imitation pearls made from glass that have the look and feel of genuine pearls. Some faux
pearls are made from plastic.
A necklace with shell and/or turquoise beads that has charms in the shape of small animals or
birds along it's length.
Lace-like ornamental work of fine gold or silver wire.
A German-made polymer clay that comes in over 30 colors and can be hardened by baking in a
standard oven. Beads made from fimo have become popular in modern jewelry.
Manufactured components used to create jewelry, they provide the structure for the
jewelry design. Findings include jumprings, clasps, bails, headpins, earwires, charms, etc.
Fineness is the proportion of silver or gold in a metal alloy. Fineness is usually expressed
in parts per thousand. For example, the fineness of Sterling silver is 925.
A fishhook-shaped finding used to make earrings. The hook end hangs from the lobe of a
Firestone is an imitation iridescent rainbow quartz. It is made by heating rock crystal until
it crazes, it is then put into dye as it cools.
A flaw is a an imperfection in a gemstone. Flaws include: cracks, inclusions of other
minerals or liquid-filled cavities. A flawless stone is called "clean".
Floater (Invisible) Necklace
A floater necklace looks as though the beads are simply floating on the skin; the beads or
pearls are strung far apart from one another on an almost invisible string (like clear fishing
Gemstone fluorite gives its name to the property of fluorescence, as many samples fluoresce
strongly in ultra-violet light.
A focal component is the central element in a necklace, bracelet, or other jewelry design. It is
intended to be the main attention-getter. Also called station
Transparent or translucent beads in which silver or gold foil has been trapped within the
body or on the surface of the bead.
A method of coating the back of a stone with silver, gold, or colored foil. This enhances the
brilliance of the stone, by reflecting back as much light as possible.
A piece of bone, wood, or other organic matter that has become petrified and hard like
a stone over time.
Fossils are the remains of ancient animals and plants, the traces or impressions of living
things from past geologic ages, or the traces of their activities.
A curved wire which passes through the pierced earlobe and has a catch closure. Used mostly
in dangling earrings.
Pearls from freshwater sources: rivers, lakes and so on. Because pearls are organic, they will vary
in size, shape and color.
A fringe is an ornamental appendage to the border of an item.
Furnace Glass Bead
Furnace glass is made by working hot glass by hand. Long tubes of glass are drawn from molten
glass, then beads are cut from the tube. Furnace glass beads are made in a wide variety of colors,
shapes, and designs.