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Paper Roule

A paper roule is a bead made by rolling up paper (usually triangles).

Parure

A parure is a matching set of jewelry, usually containing a necklace, earrings, brooch and a bracelet (or two bracelets).

Patina

The coloration that occurs in certain metals when they are exposed at length to the atmosphere. A thin, greenish layer appears on the surface of copper and bronze; a reddish effect on gold. An artificial patina can be created with acids or electrolyte.

Pattern

It is a form, template, or model (or, more abstractly, a set of rules) which can be used to make or to generate things or parts of a thing. Some patterns are named. Simple decorative examples are stripes and zigzags. Further examples include the regular tiling of a plane, echoes, and balanced binary branching.

Pave Setting

The method of setting stones very close together so that very little metal shows between them.

Peacock Pearl

Peacock pearls are a type of dark pearls that are dark-green, almost black.

Pearl

A pearl is a hard, usually rounded object produced by certain animals, primarily mollusks such as oysters.
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Pearl Essence

A crystalline substance extracted from fish scales and combined with acrylic resins. Used to make imitation pearls. In better imitations, the essence is applied over opaline glass beads; in cheaper imitations, over plastic beads. Also called essence d'orient.

Pebble Bead

Pebble Beads are large beads, almost round in shape. They are 5.5 mm in size, equivalent to a size 3/0 bead.

Pendant

An ornament suspended from a single chain.

Perfumed Beads

Beads that release a scent when warmed by the body.

Peridot

Peridot is one of the few gemstones that comes in only one color, that varies from yellow-green to olive to brownish green. Also known as the night emerald, chrysolite, and olivine.
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Petit Point

A stone shaped to a fine point which is usually somewhat larger than needle point and is characterized by being round, oval, or having one rounded end.

Petrified Wood

Petrified wood is wood that has fossilized - all the original chemicals in the wood have ben replaced with minerals, making a stone-like replica of the original wood.

Peyote Stitch

That is the name of an off-loom bead weaving technique, also known as gourd stitch. This technique has several variations, such as:
  • Even Count Flat Peyote
  • Odd Count Flat Peyote
  • Even Count Tubular Peyote
  • Odd Count Tubular Peyote
  • Flat Round Peyote

Phantom Quartz

Phantom quartz is relatively common in smoky quartz or amethyst worldwide and is seen as growth zoning, displayed as variable color shades - alternating light and dark zones.
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Pierced Earring

Earring that is attached to an ear by means of a wire or post that is inserted through a hole pierced in the ear.

Pin

Pin is a small decorative item fastened on apparels, like brooch.

Pink Quartz

Pink quartz is a type of quartz which exhibits a pale pink to rose red hue. Also known as rose quartz.
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Polishing

The process in the last stage of metal finishing in which a rotating instrument is dipped in a polishing substance. Increases shine and eliminates flaws.

Pony Bead

Beads made of glass or plastic, typically slightly oval in shape, the shorter dimension being through the hole. Pony beads are larger than seed beads and smaller than crows. Pony beads include size 6/0 and 8/0 beads, they are mostly used for knitting and crocheting.

Porcelain

Porcelain is made of fine clay (containing kaolin) which is fired in a kiln to about 2,000F. The porcelain is covered with a glassy, decorative glaze. It is often used in jewelry.

Post

The pin that sticks out the back of a stud earring. The post goes through the pierced ear and is secured in place with a catch that slides onto it behind the earlobe.

Precious Stones

Rare and costly gems: diamonds, emeralds, rubies and sapphires.

Precious (Noble) Metals

Metals valued for their color, malleability, and rarity. There are only three precious metals: gold, silver and platinum.

Prehnite

Prehnite is a translucent gemstone, its color varies from light green to gray or white.
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Pressed Bead

Beads, that have a molded pattern which is consistent from bead to bead. Surface quality can range from very smooth and uniform with well-defined edges, to edges that are very rounded, and surfaces that have dips, flow marks, and other irregularities.

Princess Length

A princess necklace is 17" to 19" long.

Prong Bail

A finding used to attach a chain to a cross-drilled pendant.

Prong Setting

A gemstone held in place by small finger-like wires attached to the bezel and bend over the edges of the stone.

Pyrite

Pyrite (also known as fool's gold) is a shiny, metallic mineral that is a form of iron.
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