Sapphire is one of the four precious stones. Blue is considered the normal color for
sapphire, it is found in the full range of spectral colors as well as brown, colorless,
gray and black (fancy color sapphire). Fully saturated red is known as ruby
Sard is a semi-precious stone related to carnelian.
Sardonyx is a semi-precious stone that is formed by two layers, a red-brown layer of
sard and a gray, white, black or brown layer of onyx. Sardonyx is a type of quartz.
A matte finish achieved by sandblasting, brushing with a stiff wire brush, or chemically
altering a high shine surface. Satin finish has a soft, pearl-like luster instead of a
Bead decorative process, when many longitudinal bubbles making the glass look satiny.
A measure of the intensity of color inherent in a gemstone. Stones that are well
saturated with color are more valuable.
Sautoir is a long necklace (longer than opera-length), usually made of pearls or beads
and often ending in a tassel. Also known as a rope.
A small pin usually a bird, insect, or flower worn in groups.
A type of earring attachment for non-pierced ears where the earring is tightened against
the earlobe by means of a screw with a flat padded end.
Any of a number of shells of marine creatures such as mollusks or gastropods which can
be used as jewelry: cowrie shell, olivelia shell, abalone, ammolite, etc.
Tiny type of bead most often used in weaving and embroidery. Seed beads are made of segments of drawn
tubes of glass of various thicknesses, typically slightly oval in shape due to tumbling and polishing,
the shorter dimension being through the hole. Smaller than pony bead
Seftonite is a translucent, moss green type of chalcedony.
Selenite is a soft, colorless-to-slightly-colored, transparent mineral.
Natural stones that generally have a lower value than precious stones. Formed when minerals were caught
in cooling rock and created veins, they are extracted from the rock by mining. Semiprecious stones have
been assigned to birth months, used as amulets and traded as currency, and being used as adornment in
jewelry for centuries.
Serpentine is said to owe its name either to its serpent-like colors and patterns or from an old
belief that the stones were effective protection from snake bites.
Sequin is a disk shaped bead used for decorative purposes.
A setting is a method of securing a stone (or other ornament) in a piece of jewelry (or other object).
Sillimanite is one of three polymorphs, the other two being andalusite
Silver is a fine, silver-white precious metal.
A mechanical bonding with a silver alloy of at least 92.5 percent fineness. The bonding must be equal to
at least one-twentieth of the metal in the article. This can also be called silver overlay, but never
A transparent colored or clear outer layer which allows the silver lining on the inside to glisten through,
giving added reflection. Silver-lined beads are made with a transparent or opal glass and have a mirror-like
reflective lining in their holes.
Silver plate is a fine silver film deposited on a base metal by electrolysis, in the same kind of
electrically-charged bath used to make gold electroplate. The film can be as thin as seven millionths
of an inch. A silver plate item cannot be called Sterling or marked as silver.
An ornament with a tube on the back. A cord or necklace can then be threaded through the tube allowing
the ornament to slide along the length of the cord or necklace.
Smoky quartz is a brown or gray variety of quartz.
Glass beads made in a mold to look like snake vertebra.
Soapstone is a soft, easily-carved, fine-grained metamorphic rock that can be green, brown, or gray.
Also called steatite.
Sodalite is a dark blue mineral with streaks of white, gray, pink, or green.
A spacer is generally something used to create a space between two objects, often to properly position them.
Jewelry finding used to hold multiple strands of beads in alignment and prevent tangling, are inserted
at intervals while stringing the beads.
Spectrolite is a hard and rare variety of labradorite feldspar. The variety is noted for iridescence of
spectrum colors from blue to red.
Spinel is a very hard semi-precious stone and ranges in color from red to black to yellow,
frequently resembling rubies.
A tightly-coiled ring used as an jewelry finding; it can attach charms to a charm bracelet or a
clasp to a necklace or bracelet.
Spring (Bolt) Ring
A spring ring is a hollow circular metal fastening ring with a spring opening. A tiny spring keeps
the arm of this clasp closed. It is used to attach two other rings or links of a necklace or bracelet.
Square (also triangular, hexagonal) perforation sections.
A pendant that is the focus of a design.
Sterling Silver (SS)
Sterling silver items are made of 92-1/2% pure silver and 7-1/2% copper or other alloy proportions fixed
by law. In time Sterling color will take on an "antique" look. Fine silver = .999 or 100% pure silver.
A straight pin worn vertically on a scarf or tie, which has some kind of ornamentation on the top.
In embroidery and sewing: a method of securing thread into textiles. There are many types of stitches,
- Brick Stitch
- Chain Stitch
- Circular Stitch
- Embroidery Stitch
- Herringbone Stitch
- Ladder Stitch
- Lock Stitch
- Peyote Stitch
- Square Stitch
- Tubular Stitch
Strass is highly reflective glass that is made to imitate gemstones.
Striated beads have an opaque, translucent, or transparent body with threads and swirls of other tones
or colors on the surface or throughout.
Stud (Button Earring)
A simple style of earring for pierced ears that has a single stone or metal ball on a straight post
with no dangling parts. (See also Button earring).
Sugar beads are beads that look as though they were rolled in granulated sugar; the fine grains on the
surface of the beads are in fact tiny grains of glass (or plastic).
Sugilite is a semi-precious gemstone. It can range from a medium to dark purple, and from pink to brown
to black. It is usually opaque with a waxy luster, but can be translucent. Sugilite often has brown, pink
and white inclusions, looking like a purple version of turquoise.
Sunstone is a gemstone exhibiting in certain directions a brilliant spangled appearance, which has
led to its use as an ornamental stone, it is of yellow to pink to lilac color.
Swarovski Crystal is named for the man who developed a machine to cut glass, which was formerly cut by hand.
Swarovski was born in 1862 in Bohemia. Swarovski-cut, Austrian crystals are considered the world's best.