Spinel - fake ruby-sapphire
Spinel is a hard, variously colored mineral having usually
octahedral crystals and occurring in igneous and carbonate
rocks, it's a member of the larger spinel group of minerals.
Two thousand years ago, gemstone traders did not know
that spinel and corundum (the mineral of ruby and
sapphire) have different chemical compositions and
different crystal structures. Instead, gem traders thought
that every bright red gemstone was a "ruby" and every
deep blue gemstone was a "sapphire". So, for many
centuries, most spinels were misidentified as sapphires
or rubies and some spinel crystals were only recently
identified as a spinel.
Spinel is transparent to opaque with a vitreous to dull
luster. It may be colorless, but is usually various shades
of red, blue, green, yellow, brown, or black. There is a
unique natural white spinel, now lost, that surfaced briefly
in what is now Sri Lanka. In addition to beautiful rich reds,
spinel can be found in a range of pastel shades including
a spectacular vibrant hot pink with a trace amount of
orange, mined in Myanmar. Spinel also comes in beautiful
blues which are sometimes called cobalt spinel, but these
are very rare.
The earliest spinels, used as ornaments were found in
Buddhist tombs in Afghanistan. Blue spinels have been
found in England, dating back to the Roman occupation
(51 BC to 400 AD). Some spinels are among the most
famous gemstones: among them is the Black Prince's
Ruby and the "Timur ruby" in the British Crown Jewels,
and the "cote de Bretagne", formerly from the French
Crown Jewels. The Samarian Spinel is the largest known
spinel in the world, weighing 500 carats (100 gram).
The only significant use of spinel is as a gemstone.
Gem-quality red and blue spinels are very rare. They
are much less abundant than rubies and sapphires of
similar quality and color. Even with equivalent beauty
and greater rarity their prices are much lower than ruby
and sapphire. This is an example of how rarity has not
determined the price.
The first synthetic spinel was produced in 1847 by
Jacques-Joseph Ebelmen, a French Chemist.
Commercial production of synthetic spinels was very
limited in the 1800s. However, in the 1930s synthetic
spinels in a wide variety of colors were produced to
imitate popular gemstones such as aquamarine, zircon,
tourmaline, emerald, chrysoberyl and ruby.
Beaders Best Bead Art Fair 2014
Beaders Best Bead Art Fair 2013 was a great success!
Hundreds of visitors from different countries around the
globe attended the show to replenish their bead storages,
to meet friends, to establish business contacts, to learn
from world known artists.
The fourth Beaders Best Bead Art Fair will take place on
23-24 August 2014 at the MesseHalle Hamburg-Schnelsen,
The exhibition center is air-conditioned and has a lot of
space and provides different services. Exhibitors making
table reservation will get not only table space but square
meters behind the tables which can be filled with racks or
shelves. Verena Greene-Christ will answer all your questions
regarding the fair, email her at
Photos from Beaders Best Bead Art Fair 2013
Fashion Colorworks. Interview with Julia Turova
1. What is the beads for you? How do you
manage your stocks?
Let me say a joke please? Beads is a mysterious
substance which, I believe, obey the laws of
quantum physics. That is, there is only the
probability of finding a particular point in space
at a given time. Its feature is superfluidity and
the ability to leak everywhere and take all the
horizontal surface in the house as well as the
ability to bend time and space. I think my
colleagues will understand.
I allocate an amount equal to ten percent of the
current income - non-reducible amount to
maintain stocks. To fulfill my orders, I get the
materials regardless of price and their
inaccessibility, but the size of my reserves do
not go out of control. I've got a computer
database to find the necessary material in my
existing stockpiles. So that the external chaos
in my studio is a designed system! I guess...
2. What is your balance between the response
to the attacks of inspiration and a way of life?
It's simple: I dedicate two hours in the morning
to my chores with maximum involvement of
home appliances, which ruined almost all of my
first large incomes. Over time, two hours is even
a lot. Now my working day lasts from ten in the
morning until after midnight.
3. Tell me please how you can work on
commissions and perform numerous repetitions
of works - hits of your sales, which are the basis
of financial stability?
The answer is the same - time management.
From 10.00 am to 18.00 pm I work on the
orders, from 18.00 until late night I implement
my own dreams and improve my skills. I learn
to work with stone, continue to experiment with
polymer clay. suddenly I discovered wool
sculpturing and portrait dolls. I'm thinking of
opening a second direction in my handmaking.
My felted toys find new owners before
photographing. Now I give them as presents
to my friends, but they want to buy dolls. Let's
4. How to make 5-10 incoming orders at the
There is a trick. I divide my time into segments
and keep materials and works I've already
started in separate boxes. In an average week,
I can manage about 5-10 work without getting
tired and not wasting time on a long cleaning
job. Accordingly, the price of work turns out
not high, not exceeding the psychologically
Full interview with Julia Turova
Beadworks by Julia Turova
Fashion Colorworks. Interview with Elena Gladneva
1. How did you start beading?
It so happened that as a child I didn't pay
attention at the beads (even though I've seen
beaded trinkets on people around me) as good
material for creativity. It may be that dull
and peeling beads didn't impress me, or maybe
just I haven't had a chance to see a truly
beautiful items. Finally, I came to beading
after the birth of my son, less than three
years ago, while I've been on leave to care
for my child.
2. And yet, what was the first "push"?
At that time I was fascinated by belly
dancers. When I looked at the original
performances, I was always shocked by the
colorful glittering costumes studded with
rhinestones, beads and sequins. Naturally, I
wanted to sew myself a costume and decorate
it, partly because what I saw in stores was
When I bought a few pounds of rough Chinese
beads and began to weave the first things I
suddenly came across on the Internet at
beadworks by Sherri Serafini and Heidi
Kummli. Then I was like thunder struck,
I realized this is what I want to do!
I thought, "If is it possible to buy all
these magical materials?" Then I found
beadlovers' forums and was advised that the
desired materials for creative work can be
ordered online, and online classes can be
taken, and there are many bead artists in
the world who create beauty and almost
In the beginning I was supported by my
friend and godfather of my son - both
morally and financially; I was not able
to create even half of what I have done
without his help during my hard times and
would not win Fashion Colorworks. Thanks
to my husband who makes pictures of my
beadworks and of course, to my son, which
indirectly led me to the world of beads!
3. Where do you find your inspiration?
Absolutely everywhere and in everything. These
can be images from the books watched movies,
photographs of nature, music, some color
combinations, and sometimes the other artists'
works that give me a "magic kick" to do
something in a similar vein. Sometimes it
takes a long time to design something, and
then a sketch is suddenly being born within 15
minutes, as it happened with my contest entry:
I picked up a pencil and paper, and drew a
4. How did you decide to take part in the
I've watched the contest for a few years. In
2011, I admired the talent of the finalists
and did not think I could ever compete with
them. In 2012, I started to think about
future 10 colors the Fashion Colorworks
triads were made up from. I understood that
even though I had a little experience and
not so much skill, but it was already possible
to try my hands - even just for fun. In 2013,
I finally decided to enter the contest.
Moreover, there was a color combination,
which I loved and have already used
previously, purple-green, and it wasn't
difficult to dilute those colors with yellow.
Full interview with Elena Gladneva
Beadworks by Elena Gladneva
Online Shop: livemaster.ru/wapasikawin
Fashion Colorworks. Interview with Liudmyla Heggland
1. Your work won a prize in the Fashion Colorworks
2013 beading contest. Why did you choose the category
I've created quite a lot of women's jewelry during my
career, that's my field of creativity and I'm very
comfortable in it. I like when a woman "blooms" even
stronger in the corresponding "frame". Now I have a
rather large time limit, because I'm a working mom of
one-year-old kid. Accordingly, I focus on the essentials,
and many of my favorite crafts are waiting in the wings.
At that moment, I really wanted to make with my hands
something beautiful, and this contest has provided the
opportunity. I was very interested to try something new,
and not a regular necklace. The result was my July Hat.
2. There were many entries featuring flowers. Another
bouquet could easily get lost in a beautiful garden,
haven't you been scared to create your version of a
This is quite natural that many artists created bead
flowers! Most of the participants of the contest began
their work in winter or in early spring when the soul
simply requires a "window" into summer. The contest
submission finished in early summer, so that the flowers
were again very timely. In my entry I tried to show the
July days when the rapid flowering has passed and
plant seeds begin to appear. Actually, there are no
flowers in my beadwork, there are seed pods and
berries, and the task to create them seemed particularly
3. With what did you begin your beadwork?
With ideas! For me it is very important to express a
certain sense in the work, not just assemble quality
4. What, in your opinion, is important in the creation of
a beadwork for the competition?
As I said earlier, the idea. The work must necessarily
be pleasing to the eye, and the composition as close
as possible to the competent (I'm writing this is
because many of the contestants have no art education,
but have a great sense of composition). Carefully
selected shades of colors, quality of workmanship,
clear photos taken. And yes, I draw sketches of my
future work because I find it easier to avoid mistakes.
5. And what about quality materials?
Do you mean exclusively Japanese seed beads, Fireline,
pretty expensive Swarovski crystals and natural
gemstones? The purpose of the Fashion Colorworks,
as far as I understand it, is to inspire participants to
work in the recruitment of necessary color combinations
and not the promotion of fashion materials. There are
many other competitions, where the presence of beads
and crystals of a certain brands is essential.
everything is very democratic, create from what is at
hand! This year and in past contests the winning pieces
were designed with addition of pretty cheap beads and
other materials, and what works they are! This proves
that in the right hands beadworks can be made of any
suitable material, creative growth is always possible!
Though expensive beads of a certain brand can make
creator's life easier, I don't argue.
Full interview with Liudmyla Heggland
Beadworks by Liudmyla Heggland
Gallery on Flicr: flickr.com/photos/mila-heggland
Perlen Poesie Magazine. Issue 18
Perlen Poesie 18 is released on September, 10 with the
motto "Touch of the Fifties". 16 jewelry projects from
easy-to-make to sophisticated - some of them in typical
colors of the 50s - for example, the charm necklace
"Rock 'n' Roll" by Diane Hyde. You will find stimulating
ideas, tips on how to nicely hide magnet clasps, two
designer portraits, the winner pieces of the IBA contest
and much more.
• Modern Retro
Diane Hyde: She is a graphic designer and illustrator and
works with old, trimmed metal chains, and - aside from
beads - uses vintage elements, photographs, old porcelain
doll parts and lots more unusual artifacts to make
enchanting "it" jewelry with a vintage flair.
• 16 Projects
There is something for everyone: the information about
degree of difficulty, time involved and costs will help you
find what's right for you.
• IBA 2103: The Winners
A lot of beaders participated; not everyone could win.
Sometimes only a single star in the rating made the
difference. Here you can see the winners of IBA 2013
with the theme "Mix It" - something old with something
• Inner Secrets
Course: Small magnetic clasps are convenient, but they
don't necessarily beautify a piece of jewelry. In this course
we will show you how to attractively conceal them.
• Brilliant Planning
Sabine Reinhardt has her very own beading techniques
and a large following.
Subscribe to Perlen Poesie magazine
Buy Perlen Poesie magazine in the USA:
Beads by Blanche bead shop
Bobby Bead, Inc. website
International Gem & Jewelry Show
September 20 - 22, 2013
Greater Philadelphia Expo Center at Oaks
100 Station Avenue, Oaks, PA 19456
September 20 - 22, 2013
Henry B. Gonzales Convention Center
200 East Market Street, San Antonio, TX 78205
The International Gem & Jewelry Show offers the greatest selection and lowest prices on
diamonds, gold, silver, beads, and more. Choose either costume or fine jewelry from more
than 350 exhibitors from around the world.
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